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|+||== file transfer protocol ==|
|+||,<p>ftp (file transfer protocol) has been the standard for file transfer since the early days of the internet. the most remarkable feature about ftp was that it was independent of the operating system. files could be seamlessly transferred between unix,, windows and any other operating system. the other neat feature about ftp was that a simple authentication mechanism consisting of a login name and a password could be used to restrict access to files. however,, the actual data itself was transferred in plain text and it was easy to monitor and listen in on an ftp connection.|
|+||<br>the internet itself had very negligible security built into it. consisting of many smaller independent networks that stretched across the globe,, the path that a packet of information took to get from point a to point b was unpredictable. with the widespread adoption of the internet,, it became essential to be able to send many types of sensitive data with some amount of security. netscape communications solved the security problem on the internet by creating the secure sockets layer protocol (ssl) which used public key cryptography to encrypt data transmitted over the internet. this is still the preferred security mechanism and is implemented by all web browsers.|
|+||<br>ftps encrypted file transfer|
|+||<br>modifications to the ftp protocol were released to incorporate the use of ssl for encrypting file transfers over the internet. the modified mechanism is referred to as ftps. in order to maintain backwards compatibility with ftp,, an ftps connection could either be explicit,, where the connection between the client </p>相关的主题文章：|
Revision as of 07:18, 6 July 2012
just place your document on the scanner
scanandsave is simple to use: just place your document on the scanner,, select the category and size,, and click scan now. a file name has already been generated, which you can keep or change as you wish. it will prompt you page by page, and automatically save the results when you are done. this document scanning software remembers all your settings so that next month,, when you scan in the new statement,, it has automatically generated a new name for you.
scanandsave is a windows document scanning software that lets you use your scanner and pc to quickly and easily archive all your important documents,, and greatly simplifies the process by providing pre-defined categories into which to place your document,, by automatically generating file names, and by eliminating the time-consuming pre-scan required by some scanning software. your documents are always perfectly organized and easily accessible. and since scanandsave stores your documents using industry-standard file formats,, you can view them anywhere or share them with anyone and never have to worry about having special file viewing software. the file formats that scanandsave support includes pdf, tiff,, bmp,, jpg, gif,, and more.
advisory boards,, on the other hand, do not vote, nor do they have fiduciary obligations. rather, as the name implies, they exist for the sole purpose of advising the ceo and executive team. small companies,, family owned companies, and organizations that do not have a board of directors often find that advisory boards can be helpful in assisting the leadership, but sometimes companies find that they benefit from both kinds of boards.
how do they get started? because they are free from the regulatory restrictions that shape a board of directors, advisory boards vary greatly in composition and function. advisory board members are usually chosen for their expertise,, experience, and knowledge. a well-balanced advisory board will include 4-7 individuals who have a background in one of the critical areas that affects the business: finance, operations,, human resources, business development, marketing, sales, and industry issues. they will be people who are candid, objective,, and independent, not friends who will tell the leader what he or she wants to hear.
recruitment of qualified members usually occurs through acquaintances,, either directly known to the ceo or known to existing advisory board members. some members contribute their time for the pleasure of the stimulation of being involved in cutting edge discussions, but more
in the last decade advisory boards have been rather commonplace in the silicon valley,, particularly for new ventures. however,, even though they are relatively inexpensive and easy to form, outside this arena, advisory boards are a valuable, but much underused asset in helping companies handle change. advisory boards are unencumbered by compliance and other business issues specific to boards of directors, and they can provide the ceo and executive team the benefits of experience, expert knowledge,, contacts and credibility that will help them navigate the future of their companies. an effective advisory board can provide expertise that a small company cannot usually afford in full time employees, and it can offer ongoing personal support to those who have the lonely position of ceo.
there is no substitute for soliciting the opinions of the executive team, the people who will be most affected by change or its absence. however,, often the answers to complicated questions don’t lie within those most affected. frequently the ceo will need to look outside the organization for advice and wisdom. sometimes this comes for a board of directors, a body of individuals that has the duty of influencing a company’s direction. members of this board have a fiduciary responsibility to represent the shareholders by making pivotal decisions.相关的主题文章：
local newspapers, radio stations and tv shows are eager to promote local businesses. after all, the advertising of local businesses keeps them in business. writing news releases is easy, and cost-effective, because all it costs you is a little time, and a few stamps to mail your news releases.
if you've been a freelance professional for a while,, you know that many, many companies need your creative services. the major stumbling block to them hiring you is that they don抰 know what you can do for them. it's up to you to show them what you can do.
cross-promotion works for many people. it means that you join with others who are operating businesses which are complementary to yours. they promote you to their client list,, you promote them to yours.
step five: get local coverage
there you have it. five creative ways for you to find creative work today. please try one or several of these techniques. you'll be delighted with the results.
=> step three: develop a "how can i help?" mindset
* create a marketing plan for approaching those companies;
* schedule the activities of the plan.
author of many books, including making the internet work for your business,, copywriter and journalist angela booth also writes copy for businesses large and small,, and consults on search engine marketing. angela has written copy for companies in many industries,, ranging from technology and real estate to the jewellery trade. her clients include major corporations like hp (hewlett packard),, westpac bank,, and acer computer. for copywriting services and marketing advice contact angela at angelabooth
=>step four: cross-promote with others
* research the companies you want to work for;
create proposals for specific companies. you do this by studying a company,, and working out how you can help that company,, and then you send them a proposal.
to find companies with which you can cross-promote,, join your local chamber of commerce, and go to meetings.
copywriters join forces with graphic designers. a gardening-supply company joins forces with real estate agents.相关的主题文章：
what kind of things
here are the classifications the fda uses for bottled water:,
because all bottled "water" is not alike. in fact,, some of the bottled water sold contains a lot more than just water.
according to the epa,, water from artesian aquifers often is more pure because the confining layers of rock and clay impede the movement of contamination. however, despite the claims of some bottlers, there is no guarantee that artesian waters are any cleaner than ground water from an unconfined aquifer,, the epa says.
you know, the other day i was looking at some things in the grocery store.
one major brand was even found to be taking tap water (yes, the stuff you get by turning on the faucet in the kitchen), bottling it, after "purifying" it,, and adding a few minerals.
* artesian well water. water from a well that taps an aquifer--layers of porous rock, sand and earth that contain water--which is under pressure from surrounding upper layers of rock or clay. when tapped, the pressure in the aquifer,, commonly called artesian pressure,, pushes the water above the level of the aquifer,, sometimes to the surface. other means may be used to help bring the water to the surface.
what kind of things? potassium chloride. or added sodium.
pretty dumb, right? well,, not really.
specifically,, water bottles.
* mineral water. water from an underground source that contains at least 250 parts per million total
the lesson here? read what's on the bottle. know what you're getting.
It is learned that the man has on December 29Robbing a bank surveillance video captured the robbers screen ( video shots )
international online feature articles : the U.S. Fox News reported ,, Maryland (Prince George ) recently appeared in a very peculiar Bank robber ,, he would enter the bank claimed that the body tied to a nuclear bomb, if you do not give you the money will be detonated . The robbers have used in this way has robbed four banks , is wanted by the police . </ p > <p> It is learned that the man has on December 29,, 2011 January 10,, 2012 ,, February 5 and February 27 ,, robbed four banks in Maryland, Prince George's County . Every robbery , handed the bank teller a note that says ,, his body tied to a nuclear bomb ,, if he can not get the money ,, they will be the whole building blew up . Each teller will comply with his orders to give him the money . </ p > <p> Prince George's County police chief Henry Tipi Te (Henry Tippett ) said: the bank 's surveillance video captured the robbers robbery screen : he was wearing a dark hat and sunglasses ,, wearing a black jacket , calmly went to the counter of a bank to commit robbery . The local police hope someone can confirm the identity of the robbers from the released surveillance video to help them bring them to justice . ( Shen Shu ) </ p > share : welcome to comment I want to comment the microblogging Recommend | today 's hot microblogging ( edit : SN026 )相关的主题文章：
Zunyi City after failing to find a job<p> ( chief reporter Huang Ping ) in Zunyi, Guizhou Province to find a job to no avail ,, a 23-year-old Chongqing man Xiaomou morning to Renhuai City mazhen by housing shelter . Well-intentioned owners got the clothes to the soaked to the skin , he put on the back to get him to eat, I did not realize he did take the opportunity to host and his son brutal murder , and then fled to nearby mountains to hide . Yesterday , reporter learned from Renhuai City Procuratorate , was apprehended Xiaomou has been arrested on suspicion of intentional homicide . </ p > <p> Renhuai City police yesterday introduced Jiulongpo District Xiaomou who lives Xipeng Aluminum City Road , Zunyi City after failing to find a job ,, May 31 , he was the wrong bus to Renhuai City five mazhen , get off when he found his remaining $ 500 in cash missing that night ,, Xiaomou spent an Internet cafe in the town . Early next morning,, ready to walk the return Zunyi Xiaomou suddenly encountered heavy rain , when passing five Mazhen Long Village Dam Group Zhang Shijun doorstep , body drenching He then knocked on the door to help shelter . Zhang Shijun <p> 's wife Wang Mei yesterday , </ p > painful memories , said her husband greeted Xiaomou into the room , but also got the clothes and put him into ,, and told her not to eat to Shaw get some breakfast . Surprisingly, around 7:00 in the morning , Xiao to take advantage of Zhang Shijun with him on the toilet of the machine ,, dig the knife stabbed Zhang . Zhang Shijun 17-year-old son of friends who heard about the fight with Shaw Shaw on the spot killing . Wang found tragedy ,, fled when the cries for help alerted nearby neighbors ,, we are seeing the police immediately . Xiaomou everyone to catch up , and fled to a nearby mountain hiding. 4:55 in the afternoon ,, Renhuai City police hiding in a hillside bush suspect Xiaomou reappear . Shaw confessed that he killed the reasons of the Zhang father and son , is trying to find a job ,, unhappy vent to them .
Zheng junior Affiliated Hospitala
<p> morning clinic, 2309 ten children to identify precocious < / p > <p> experts : Do not anti - season vegetables and fruits to feed their children </ p > <p> they are nearly all in the hormones with the help of earlier maturation </ p > <p> <p> Zheng YiFuYuan ,, Zheng junior Affiliated Hospital ,, Zhengzhou City, children's Hospital and other experts say , precocious puberty cases showed a high trend . </ p > <p> sixty-one on the eve ,, to listen to experts talk about how the prevention of precocious puberty . </ p > <p> Cheng junior affiliated children Hoshina Dr. Wang Wei said , a Saturday , a morning outpatient , to have twenty or thirty children were precocious puberty , in which two thirds are girls . </ p > <p> while Zheng freshman Affiliated Hospital of growth and development and adolescent out-patient had received a small patients , the child of two and a half , has come more than a year period ,, breast, 3 cm high . </ p > <p> </ p > <p> Zhengzhou Children 's Hospital of Endocrinology,, Wei Haiyan ,, director of said child sexual precocity , for many reasons , but the diet is an important cause of child sexual precocity . Wei Haiyan seems anti - season vegetables and fruits , and almost all of the help of hormones ,, early maturity ,, to avoid eating to children . the < / p > <p> sixty-one , on the eve of the science of parents raising children , Cheng junior affiliated organized citizens,, health series of public lectures ,, Wang Wei will explain in detail how the prevention of precocious puberty . ( Clue : Fan Yanan ) </ p >相关的主题文章：
<p>in the vedic astrology texts there is a system called "shad bala" (translated as "sixfold strength"). this is a system of evaluating planets and their impact based on different universal factors – many astronomical in nature. one of the most important components of shad bala (and easiest to use),, is called dig bala - directional strength.
the general concept of dig bala is that planets will do better supporting certain angles in the chart than others. when a planet is closest to its best dig bala position it not only supports the angle,, but its goal is supported as well.
dig bala is a universal principle,, as every astrology chart will have four angles that relate to the different directions. as with all "universal astrology" principles,, the rule itself is important only in that we investigate and understand the reason why. when we just repeat a rule like "mercury has dig bala in the first house,, so it is good",, we are adding nothing to the reading except a general black and white assertion. one of the big problems with just memorizing rules without understanding the "why", is that we wind up unable to untangle the contradictions of numerous placements.
for example: we might have a planet that has good dig bala, but it is debilitated or retrograde or getting very difficult aspects or ruling difficult houses,, etc. in fact, you can count on these complexities. for this reason it is important to understand exactly what dig bala strength shows about the planet, the house/angle in a very specific and detailed way.
in this class we will examine why each planet has dig bala in the position it does and also compare/contrast that directional position with the other directional positions,, especially its opposite placement -- where it's dig bala is lowest.
every astrology chart we are going to erect will have four directions as shown by houses 1,, 4,
does it seem that with every passing year it's getting harder and harder to find good paying jobs? if you think so,, you're not alone in your thoughts. in fact,, this is a common complaint that many people have and it is even worse for those that do not have a college education.
jobs are not bountiful right now and even college graduates sometimes find themselves waiting tables for a year or two after they receive their diploma before they are able to find a job. so,, with the work force becoming tougher and tougher to break into,, what are you going to do about it? give up or fight back? well,, the best way to ensure you will get hired at great jobs is to attend college. a degree is incredibly important,, but it's not a guarantee for getting a job. luckily, there are things you can do while in college to beef up your resume and make you stand out amongst all the other applicants.
secondly,, and i can't stress enough - apply for internships. if you want to be a writer, find a
first of all, learn a foreign language. learn two if possible. if you don't know right now how important this is,, you will understand once you're trying to enter the work force. many jobs are requiring applicants to speak at least one other language and you won't want to be turned away because you don't. so,, sign yourself up for spanish,, italian or arabic and become fluent if you want your resume to outshine the others.相关的主题文章：
but after dark muzzle pointing to his chest
all day simmering do not want to talk
the height of about 1 m, a little fat criminals, and soon the police lock. 20:30 the same day, Yang Junying Li Wenliang saw criminals was the police back to the police station, and by Li Wenliang identified that the couple frightened heart a little steady down, Li Wenliang also normal on the night shift.<p the evening of February 21, 7:00, just after the 42-year-old Li Wenliang down the stairs and open the corridor iron gate, the door suddenly flashed a shadow with a gun against his chest: smoke! </P>
<p> robbed triggered knot>
recalled that just a few minutes of the robbery, said Li Wenliang, his life is also difficult to forget. 13-year-old child, age, and Li Wenliang the son of the same, even holding a toy gun, snatched the 42-year-old Li Wenliang money. No resistance, no fighting, Li Wenliang after the incident extreme depressed mood. His remorse then regret his toy gun scare at home all day simmering do not speak.
in sudden emergencies, people often decision will not be evaluated on one thing, often only by instinct, to decide what they should do. Li Wenliang is instinctively decided, in the face of a gun, the choice is to protect their own lives. This practice is no right or wrong at all, and robbery, he is an adult or a child has nothing to do.
As of yesterday, the incident three days, said Yang Junying husband at home, then a total of not more than 10: to do something, she urged the property management to the accident roadway safety lamp; went to see the security theory: . It turned out that many nearby residents know Li Wenliang robbery thing.
42-year-old, he can not accept
after the incident the next day,, Li Wenliang received the phone from the police: documents, the day robbery Li Wenliang the man
21 evening 7:00, Li Wenliang, and his family made an appointment in the district opposite the restaurant, did not think, just downstairs and opened the door and robbed. Although the night was robbed of 20 dollars is very humble, but after dark muzzle pointing to his chest, forcing they did not want to do, Li Wenliang heck. To eat locations, very heavy, low voice: usually did not talk much, but personality is stronger, he said,, so I am worried enough, nobody knows come to wisdom for things. Armed robbery of my God.
<p> (text in Li Wenliang, Yang Junying pseudonym)
he felt could not lift
Therefore, Li Wenliang now think that could not pass this off, sad heart, or is guilty of no resistance behavior, there is no need. For this family, do not mention this matter,, the time the best way of treating wounds. In fact,, he can through this thing with the kids to make a communication clear in the choice of unexpected emergencies, and a man of courage has nothing to do with children. Respect for life to protect their own behavior,, and equally worthy of respect.
case was soon transferred to the Xiema town police station, Yang Junying with the police to the scene, Li Wenliang remain in the police station are taking note. In the survey, the police soon discovered that the robbery Li Wenliang The suspect does not seem to panic, he slowly walked from the roadway Commercial Street, around the circle in security rooms, tobacco shops, with the stolen money in the side of the road , bought a pack of cigarettes.
a lot of people have seen the boy
a gun against his chest
night, dark tunnel
the Morning Hotline
Ocean south mall of four residential buildings, located in the upstairs of the Xiema town of weight one hundred supermarkets in the local claim to be the busiest section. 2008, 42-year-old Li Wenliang and his wife, 13-year-old son lived upstairs. Li Wenliang machinery factory lathe operator, and every day he would go downstairs from home, and then across the roadway between the downstairs shops, went to the road side of the car to go to work.
<p> Beibei Xiema town, although only robbed of $ 20, but Li Wenliang regret that he did not resist him at home,, even if do not want to say
Subsequently, the argument in Zhuochang Guo Property Management Department has also been confirmed. The day before the accident, the 13-year-old child, but also holding the toy gun, burst into the Property Management Department, arrived in the property management staff are meeting with a gun: The result, of course, there is no care for him.
hear Yang Junying anxious: will not have to be a toy gun scare,, and then subjected to mental harm. , She did not dare to mention in front of her husband: Li Wenliang has been no way to face their own 13-year-old son.
<p> this roadway from the road, even though both sides of the shops there is no investment, the black one, but the residents living in the upstairs building, most will choose this road to go.
he seemed a little problem But some strong fat. The toy gun everywhere shouting:
this wanderers also a gun on me, call me the money to pay a security booth in the middle of the Ocean South Mall Commercial Street, the crown in the property's 60-year-old security Zhuochang Guo wearing presbyopia The mirror is reading a newspaper. He said Li Wenliang robbed a few days before, the 13-year-old child has also been holding a toy gun at the security booth on his gestures: In this way, the eyes stare,!
<p> 966 966
Li Wenliang suddenly the state of the whole person to hit rock bottom. Out from the police station, the Yang Junying has been very angry, and kept saying: this wanderers no mom old man tube winded? humiliation, feeling far more than was robbed after shock: robbery and son as big as a fake gun to scare him, he actually dared not resist,, and even did not dare to ask one,, put the money out.
> <p> was 13-year-old toddlers grab相关的主题文章：
yet it takes decades for their monks to master them.]
rules for marketing as a spiritual practice
marketing really is much more than a task to achieve financial success. it’s about unearthing potential—in your business, in the leaders of your company,, and in the kinds of clients you attract. and when you learn to market as a spiritual practice,, the sense that marketing is a “chore” will vanish. instead, the process becomes meaningful,, so you’ll value and enjoy it.
if the following rules for this new marketing paradigm sound “new age,,” read between the lines of any enormous business success story (even donald trump) and you’ll find similar guidelines (ok,, so maybe #4 would be a major stretch for the donald!).
marketing as we know it is over. done. finito.
we call this method “marketing as a spiritual practice.” why? because marketing is actually a process, just like any real spiritual quest. it takes time. there are countless “monsters” (or at the very least, struggles) at every juncture. we learn our lessons through trying and failing. and despair,, it seems, is always just around the corner. but this process teaches us invaluable lessons:
once you break from ho-hum marketing and learn to put your deeper beliefs “out to the universe” (think: “a broader level of promotion”), a remarkable thing will happen: you will attract those who really need and appreciate the products or services your company provides. it’s an incredibly simple concept. [then again,, buddhists say their methods are simple,, yet it takes decades for their monks to master them.]
experiencing success and failure shows that you are really trying. true, you’ll have periods of denial,, followed by frustration, and anger. but these will eventually be followed by enlightenment and elation.
people the world over are bored and spammed to the brink of tears. but there is good news: there’s a better way to connect with precisely those you wish to reach … and it works far better than traditional, expensive,, gimmick-driven marketing.相关的主题文章：
once the criteria for evaluation have been determined,, the decision makers need to set the timeline. in short, the year begins with goal setting, continues with ongoing feedback, and concludes with the end of the year evaluation that is often tied to raises and bonuses. this sort of schedule avoids surprises and the “once a year” mentality that dooms most performance appraisal systems. also, the periodic reviews give the employee a chance to take corrective action when there are still opportunities to make a difference.
· does this person have the experience, knowledge and capability to do this?
relevant goals are also critical, but both bosses and direct reports continue to make some fundamental errors in this area. first, all goals are not created equal; they need to be prioritized. people are often motivated to work on things they like, things that are familiar, or things that are easy. but frequently these initiatives are not the most critical. therefore, the boss needs to be sure that the “timely” elements of effectiveness are considered: first things are done first; deadlines are met; and direct reports separate important from unimportant uses of their time.
create the system
the most basic scale is three points: exceeds expectations, meets expectations, or fails to meet expectations. however, a four-point scale gives more options for evaluation and forces the evaluator to avoid a middle of the road review.
usually competencies relate to one of four areas: ability to get results, capacity to form relationships, decision making, and leadership. specifically defined competencies might also include business acumen, customer focus, coaching, integrity, vision, communication, teamwork, flexibility,, technical skills, and innovation. once the company decides on 8-10 competencies, the next step is to establish the rating scale.
another way to build trust and reduce anxiety is through scheduled conversations. obviously, feedback about performance should occur when it can do the most good—when it is immediate and focused. when a direct report makes a mistake, addressing the problem right away is the surest way to take corrective action. similarly, when a person excels at a task, complimenting and praising the efforts immediately will show appreciation and encourage more of the same.
the first step is to have clearly defined job descriptions that specify the tasks, functions, and responsibilities of each job. what does it take to do this job right? what are the success indicators? what are the derailers? answers to these questions form the foundation for deciding behavior-based competencies for the particular job, the area of the organization, or the company as a whole.
however, having more formal review sessions is also critical to the direct report’s development. regularly scheduled reviews avoid the end of the year angst and allow employees to receive feedback when there is still time to take corrective action.
· what evidence is there to come to this conclusion?
one of the reasons these critical discussions are not occurring is bosses feel uncomfortable, unprepared, or ineffective in such encounters. they avoid the very conversations that could help them build better relationships and increase productivity among the people who need
direct reports—people who need direction and leadership—rely on their leaders to give them feedback and mentoring, not just management and evaluations. however, these people who most need their boss’s help frequently lack the guidance that would enable them move to the next levels of success—theirs, their team’s and the company’s. too often leaders are not prepared or trained to conduct an appraisal that stretches performance and ensures their direct reports’ development. instead, the appraisals become confrontational and judgmental; goals are not clear; neither person is prepared; and the discussion occurs when it’s too late to do anything about the problem. today’s organizations demand more from their leaders. therefore, a well thought out performance appraisal system,, clear expectations, reviews that inspire, and action plans are critical to the individual’s and organization’s success.
the purpose of goal setting is to tie individual performance to the organization’s mission, vision, and values and to link short-term objectives to long-term targets. people are most committed to goals they’ve helped construct. when the boss and the direct report work together to clarify these goals, the direct report is more likely to commit to rather than comply with the efforts that will drive success. well written goals serve a variety of purposes: they create opportunities for objective,, fair dialogue; they define the “score card” that will be used to determine rewards; they energize and motivate; and they focus efforts.
finally, bosses frequently do no support the efforts of their direct reports. the research suggests, and multi-rater feedback reports confirm, that mentoring, giving feedback, and developing others are usually the boss’s lowest ratings, primarily because “getting the job done” is more important.
the advantages of an effective performance appraisal system are many: better performance, improved relationships, coordination of personal goals and business objectives, identification of high potential individuals, and justification for monetary rewards. however, much depends on the efforts that go into crafting the system.
“attainable” is often a source of disagreement between the appraiser and employee. the boss’s perception of results that are achievable and realistic might differ from those of the direct report. here are some questions for the boss to consider:
second, the people involved fail to define the parameters in which the goals will occur, so the boss has one set of expectations and the employee another. if a condition of goal attainment is “with no overtime” or “with our current equipment,” these limiting conditions need to be spelled out so no one is surprised. if there are disagreements about these conditions or if the direct report considers the conditions unrealistic, the goal setting meeting, not the end of the year review, is the time to surface those issues. one way to do this during the goal setting meeting is for the boss to ask, “what factors might interfere with your achieving this goals?” this question alone can help to put things on the table and resolve differences.
in general, four meetings per year work well. the first is a goal setting meeting; the second addressees progress on the goals; the third surfaces any problems that might interfere with the end of the year appraisal; and the final one is a formality that ties the progress to rewards. this does not imply that ongoing feedback should not take place between meetings. on the contrary, the four meeting format is the minimum number of meetings the boss should have with the direct report. even though bosses often resist adding to the number of formal meetings per year, they soon learn that the increase in productivity and morale among their direct reports more than compensates for the extra time they commit to the process.
the fact that bosses overlook is that developing others is “the job,” a significant and critical part of the job. usually coaching others is only one part of a boss’s job, so taking care of other responsibilities often takes precedence. also,, organizations frequently reward solo performance and individual efforts more than they recognize coaching others. therefore, in order for an appraisal system to succeed, companies need to recognize and reward efforts related to leading and managing others.
a third mistake is direct reports often don’t understand their parameters for accountability and decision making. they either overstep when boundaries are not clear, or they err on the side of caution and risk-avoidance. working together,, the boss and direct report need to clarify which decisions the employee will make alone, which ones will require notification of the boss, and which ones need to be cleared with the boss. when the direct report is either not making decisions or is running to the boss with every problem, both parties are wasting time and efforts, and the boss is overlooking chances to develop talents and potential among his or her reports.
many organizations start by defining roles and responsibilities as they relate to the level the person holds in the organization: executive, manager, or employee. other companies choose competencies that address certain areas of the organization,, such as accounting, manufacturing, human resources, or sales. once decision makers decide how to measure performance, they are ready to identify specific behaviors that demonstrate competency in relevant areas and to choose the scale that makes sense for them.
· what is the person’s history?
· what are others in this role accomplishing?
support from the boss is an inexpensive but effective way to improve performance and show a commitment to excellence. frequently managers don’t have the authority to give financial rewards, but all bosses can give the intangible rewards of attention, coaching and mentoring. furthermore, through discussion, the boss can learn what other kinds of intangible rewards the direct might appreciate—increased responsibility, more interesting work, variety, opportunities to work alone or on a team, etc. the key is to build trust that the boss cares and wants to respond to the needs of the direct report.
by now almost everyone has learned about smart goals, objectives that are specific, measurable, attainable,, relevant, and timely. specific and measurable mean the goal is concrete, clear, and descriptive to the point that results can be measured. for instance, giving feedback that a direct report “needs to be more positive and have a better attitude” is not helpful. identifying the particular improved behaviors is: greeting others, smiling,, saying “thank you,” and giving praise.相关的主题文章：
or indeed larger
many companies are already using sophisticaed video conferencing systems in their boardrooms. if an important executive wants to have a meeting with colleagues on the other side of the planet,, it often makes sense for the meeting to be carried out virtually to save time and cost.
these boardroom solutions are pitched at the senior members of staff,, and as such can command a hefty price tag. systems such as these rarely cost less than $10,,000 to install.
for a small business then,, what's the alternative? is it possible to get the benefit of video conferencing without the enormous capital investment? thankfully,, a new breed of video conferencing systems has emerged which answers that cry.
web-based video conferencing systems can be used on a much smaller (or indeed larger) scale at a fraction of the cost of
the suspect Zengmou
anti-smuggling rapidly after the interception of suspicious vessels, anti-smuggling police braved crashed into the sea of danger, jumped on the suspect cargo ship control board staff. The inspection found that 16 and 40-foot container loaded on board hidden a large number of no legal proof of imported cars and cutting.
March 5, 2009 evening, Zhanjiang Customs Anti-smuggling Bureau grasp the intelligence of car smuggling at sea, poor weather conditions at sea, and careful deployment, sending the key sea areas of the Beibu Gulf,, the anti-smuggling to carry out the smuggling operation.
in early January in 2009, the suspect Chen and ship intermediary, under the guise of a logistics Co.,, Ltd. on behalf of leasing a cargo ship in Zhanjiang as the means of transport used for smuggling. In March, the suspect Chen and driving the cargo ship departure from Shenzhen Pier, arrived in Hong Kong waters to and lighterage 16 containerized cargo. Zhanjiang Customs sea cargo ship traveling to the Qiongzhou Strait intercepted. <p>
The picture shows the Zhanjiang Customs seized the smuggled vehicle.
this year, Zhanjiang Customs Beibu Gulf smuggling presents new trends in depth research, continue to strengthen control of the anti-smuggling trend of the Beibu Gulf and off. Through regular inspections and mobile inspection and maritime investigation and the shore to intercept the combination to strengthen the linkage of land and sea, and increase inspections to monitor the intensity of the Beibu Gulf; joint maritime police,, fishery and other maritime law enforcement agencies to take track,, ambush manner a crackdown; through the northern Bay of Zhanjiang, Nanning and black Customs three-level coordination mechanism, the implementation of the three tests at sea linkage to crack down on land and sea smuggling activities, to effectively curb smuggling activities in the Beibu Gulf.
According to the survey, as early as December 2008,, the suspect Zengmou,, who had driven ships outbound shipment of smuggled goods, and later sank in offshore waters because the ship is leaking, and did not succeed, Zengmou people fell into the water, was rescued by local GFS repatriation. Later, the suspect continue to identify the ship once again engaged in smuggling activities, surprise, net of justice, in that they also fortunate crime is about to succeed,, the anti-smuggling police in one fell swoop captured. </P>
newspaper reporter Cai Yan red
7 am, the bumps in the nine storms sea the whole day and night anti-smuggling police check on the past eight cargo ships, suddenly found a cargo ship hull modified traces of the loaded container is very old board, see the Customs anti-smuggling flustered.
'early nine suspects refused to account for the facts of smuggling crime,, false pretenses, to avoid legal sanctions. However,, with the evidence of a crime, after repeated trial of the anti-smuggling police, the suspect had a true account of the facts of the crime.
Zhanjiang Customs investigation worth up to 16.75 million yuan, tax evasion of $ 8.87 million yuan car smuggling case has finally settled, 9 involved in the case was dismissed appeal and upheld the verdict. Involved Zengmou, Chen, nine perpetrators were sentenced to 2-13 years imprisonment.
anti-smuggling police scene on board nine involved the crew back for further investigation, further inventory, the seizure of all kinds of brands of imported second-hand automobile,, Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Audi, Land Rover, the damaged car a total of 55 60 t vehicles, car cutting, discarded tires and other involved in the case of 16.75 million yuan, 8.87 million yuan of tax evasion.
live in the man's neck. The other side
Mr. Zhang on the phone was robbed left, think of their own cell phone is password protected, the robbers will certainly find someone to unlock. So he phoned the mobile phone shop to open in June at Fort fellow,, let him help pay attention to the man to unlock.
the couple have not figure out what circumstances, Tai Chen threatened: ,, afraid to speak.
did not expect to just come to Genshan East Road near the robbed man, with several patrol chasing over. The brothers caught off guard, had to without a fight.
big Chen signaled Chen to grab the phone over. Succeed, Dachen fiercely Shuaixia sentence:
Times reporter Wu Haijie correspondent Jiang of
this brothers surnamed Chen, Hubei,, and to find a job in Hangzhou,, but unfortunately have not been to find. On May 18 this year, the brothers had no money, you look at me, I look at you, dry froze.
check the text the many comic
grab the phone, but not open
big Chen Chen to discuss: Thus, the brothers went to the Qiantang River, while visiting while looking for the start target.
Recently,, Tai Chen Chen brothers Riverside's Procuratorate on suspicion of robbery arrest.
see the couple did not chase The brothers inventory of the
welcome to comment I want to comment
Qiantang River robbery couple
also a coincidence, the two brothers actually really ran to the store of his fellow unlock. Villagers to remain that in mind, cell phones take over, it really is the phone of a friend, left to see the right look, while delay time, while secretly informed Mr. Zhang.
brothers wondered: have escaped so far, and time is so long, how this victim will be able to find them, does he long clairvoyant?
man from his pocket and pulled out a handful of change. See, was so little money, Dachen is not satisfied: Next to a woman to move the feet, caused the attention of the Great Chan, woman feet is an OPPO phone, she is their feet to hide.
more than 20:00, the two wandered Qiantang near liubao,, found a couple sat chatting on the lawn side of the river bank. Two together, live in the man's neck. The other side, Chen hold the woman shoulder.
a pair of brothers from a couple at the robbery was a cell phone, you can lock the phone. Unlock, the brothers find a mobile phone shop,, only to the shop owner was robbed of a good friend of the couple's one second to go, the brothers went into the cell.
shop owner looked at the phone, playing with for a long time, then said slowly: > brothers under the eye,, guilty conscience, where am the next day come back to take.
It turned out that the brothers to unlock mobile shop owner, Mr. Zhang's friends.
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two to find a small hotel, eat while playing with a stolen cell phone,, but how can not open the phone, original phone even has a password lock. The two you try me try, but they can not be untied, made two very bad mood. Thus,, had in near liubao find a mobile phone shop to unlock.相关的主题文章：
looks really like the way did not work. Moreover
Yang Fang also recalled, I feed on their own decent, but the past year has become very cold, and often acrimony, and eventually filed for divorce. Now she realized that he has long intended to abandon her away.
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mediator asked Yang Fang why sharing a bed for 10 years, I had never noticed her husband making money? Yang Fang said, into the I belong to the Otaku type,, often staying in the home, and rarely go out, looks really like the way did not work. Moreover, his bank card always carry, and usually will find she wants to spend a little money, he also thought he had no money,, so never ask your password.
Chutianjinbao information gold news reporter Hu Caili reports: 10 years of marriage, the husband has been referred to the unemployed, no money, his wife had quietly alone support his family until her husband suddenly asked for a divorce, the wife only to find out if her husband turned out to be wealthy, and is preparing to marry and emigrate to other countries with other women. Under extreme anger, the wife a few days ago to find the the Baishazhou judicial assistance.
woman named Yang Fang (a pseudonym), 40-year-old,, runs a barber shop. She told the judicial mediator, said a month ago,, the husband I into (a pseudonym) suddenly filed for divorce. She was very puzzled, because the husband, although the appearance is more handsome,, articulate,, but it did not work, married 10 years to support the family and I into the why to leave it? So she quietly looked at her husband's mobile communications records. This look does not matter, she was surprised and distressed to find that I feed to have extramarital affairs, the other is a college teachers to discuss marriage, they also SMS,, and emigrate to other countries together. More bizarre is that I feed,, or even a large company's shareholders. Prior to that, I feed has been that hard to find work, their earning power, usually either vegetable money or his son's educational expenses,, did not let him out too much text. They have been living in the man's parents' house, if the divorce, he will not be the slightest compensation.
welcome to comment I would like to
mediator told Yang Fang, the priority is to immediately request the solicitor to investigate the I into the economic situation,, and mastery of the derailment evidence, good for their own rights. Even if no longer be able to maintain the marriage, and also allows for compensation.相关的主题文章：
originator of the enchanted self®
the steps i teach people are rigorous but they are no harder then all the habits we learn that keep us in bad moods and keep us depressed. for example, if i teach someone how to review at the end of the day everything that has gone right in their day,, that it is no harder than listing what went wrong. in fact it soon becomes easier than listing everything that went wrong. the reason it becomes easier is that you don’t build up some of the rage and some of the anger that one can build up when we review the problems in our lives. now we are encouraged rather than discouraged and even may end up sleeping better and feeling better leading to much less energy drain.
in next part we talk about how to come home to and release your enchanted self. meanwhile, why not try reviewing your day in terms of what went right,, rather than what went wrong! let me know how it goes.
dr. barbara becker holstein, originator of the enchanted self®, a method of bringing delight and meaning into everyday living,, invites you to view her new line of enchanted woman products, downloadable e-books, and free gifts at get a copy of a bi-weekly the enchanted self newsletter at order her books,, the enchanted self: a positive therapy,, recipes for enchantment: the secret ingredient is you,!, and now her new book,, there comes a time in every women's life for delight! at
i think you can begin to see that what is going to work for each person is so unique to that individual! it involves a review of our history,, and it involves analyzing the circumstances currently in our lives. if we have a handicap we may not be able to become a ballerina. even if we have severe arthritis, we may not be able to become a ballerina at forty. however,, the love of dance since childhood may easily be converted into wonderful yoga stretches that help arthritis and feel 'dancy'. so often, there is a creative turn in the road, thinking out of the box, that the enchanted self person develops. you find you have become an enchanted self when you havethe courage to put together using your mind, heart, body and spirit new inventive ways of bringing pleasure and meaning into your life.
55% store and review employees' email messages.
here are some figures from the 2005 electronic monitoring & surveillance survey made by american management association and the consulting firm epolicy institute:
employers are expected to protect employees from hostility at workplaces,, and they monitor, say,, email messages to spot those who
according to the same study, 84% companies surveyed do have rules covering personal use of email, 81% have established policies governing the internet use. so, majority of organizations at least have set up rules for everybody to observe.
80% of organizations that monitor keystrokes and time spent at keyboards let employees know about that. 86% notify staff about email monitoring, and 89% alert workers that their web activities are tracked. these figures show that for vast majority of employers the aim is to make workforce to comply with the rules rather than to catch somebody red-handed. the remaining 20%,, 16% and 11% probably carry out clandestine monitoring. too bad, but there is little employees can do in most such cases.
76% of companies monitor websites their employees visit, and 65% use software to block connections to certain websites.
with computer monitoring software so cheap and easy-to-apply it's no wonder that workplace surveillance becomes more and more widespread.
55% store and review employees' email messages.
if the rules are set,, the only option is to conform to them. and try not to take offense, though it is not easy. though employers sometimes are carrying it too far, in most cases they aren't doing it out of pure malice. company owners are protecting themselves from reputation-damaging scandals,, costly workplace harassment lawsuits and data leakage.
36% use software to log keystrokes and keep track of the time spent at keyboards. 50% store and review computer files.
so,, wherever you work, the odds of your company's keeping a keen technology-aided eye on you are pretty high. there is no such thing as privacy at the workplace, experts say. let's not have any illusions about it. even if you are allowed to use workplace computer at lunchtime or after work,, the policy covering the use of computers and the internet applies as well.
let's face it. monitoring employees' e-mail,, tracking their internet use,, logging everything done at keyboards has become the norm in corporate america.
it seems odd, but under the law, in many states employers aren't obliged to warn employees about computer and /or email monitoring. we may grumble it's not fair, we might protest,, but that's that. at least in the vast majority of organizations monitoring is not surreptitious.相关的主题文章：
personal qualities etc.
• to begin to understand the salesperson’s personality styles and preferences.
• what does the salesperson do if they need help?
• to explain what management style the manager has and what motivates the manager and de-motivates them.
• to know a bit more about the team and culture.
• to understand any team rules,, responsibilities and meetings dates.
contracting should start right at the beginning of a manager: salesperson relationship. the manager should meet with the salesperson and each person should have aims in respect to the meeting which are along the following lines:
• to agree a communication process.
• to understand what motivates and de-motivates the salesperson
• to agree what support the manager is going to provide in relation to the salesperson’s progress and development.
an essential step in managing the performance of salespeople is that of establishing a sound and agreed contract between manager and the salesperson. a contract in this context is simply an agreement between the manager and the salesperson as to how best they are going to work together. it is a chance for each party to outline expectations,, hopes and fears and is a superb opportunity for both the manager and salesperson to fully understand each other in terms of personality style,, motivators and de-motivators. it is also an opportunity for the manager to ensure that the salesperson fully understands their role and their responsibilities as well as their sales and activity targets.
for the salesperson:
• to ensure that the salesperson feels welcomed and part of the team.
• to address any hopes and fears that they may have.
• to understand any administration procedures such as e-mail,, expenses etc.
• to outline the manager’s expectations of the salesperson in terms of behaviour,, attendance,, personal qualities etc.
• to ensure that the salesperson knows what their sales and activity targets are and how they are going to be measured.
• to understand how best the manager is going to support the salesperson.
• to ensure that the salesperson knows what the team/company rules and regulations are.
• to understand exactly what the role requirements are in terms of responsibilities,, objectives and measures.
for the manager:
• to fully understand how the manager likes to operate.
so,, how does contracting work?
in reality,, how many of these aims are actually realised in a first meeting? chances are that the meeting will be very “one way” with the manager doing a lot of talking and outlining what is expected of the salesperson both in terms of the company regulations and the salesperson’s activity and sales targets. if the manager’s approach is very “one way” then they are missing a tremendous opportunity to get to understand the salesperson’s personality,, not to mention
• to ensure that the salesperson understands their role and responsibilities.
file transfer protocol
ftp (file transfer protocol) has been the standard for file transfer since the early days of the internet. the most remarkable feature about ftp was that it was independent of the operating system. files could be seamlessly transferred between unix,, windows and any other operating system. the other neat feature about ftp was that a simple authentication mechanism consisting of a login name and a password could be used to restrict access to files. however,, the actual data itself was transferred in plain text and it was easy to monitor and listen in on an ftp connection.
the internet itself had very negligible security built into it. consisting of many smaller independent networks that stretched across the globe,, the path that a packet of information took to get from point a to point b was unpredictable. with the widespread adoption of the internet,, it became essential to be able to send many types of sensitive data with some amount of security. netscape communications solved the security problem on the internet by creating the secure sockets layer protocol (ssl) which used public key cryptography to encrypt data transmitted over the internet. this is still the preferred security mechanism and is implemented by all web browsers.
ftps encrypted file transfer
modifications to the ftp protocol were released to incorporate the use of ssl for encrypting file transfers over the internet. the modified mechanism is referred to as ftps. in order to maintain backwards compatibility with ftp,, an ftps connection could either be explicit,, where the connection between the client